Thursday, May 21, 2020
Budget decision-making and organizational justice are not two subjects that are often associated with each other, but they have significant effects on the attitudes of managers and directors. Furthermore, organizational justice affects budget decision-making in regards to director organizational commitment. This paper discusses budget decision-making, organizational justice, and both of their effects on director commitment. The following research and analysis suggests that directors are more committed to the organization when they not only feel important, but that the information is relevant. The final factor which affects their judgment is restrictions and flexibility of the budget placed upon them. This study will hopefully beÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦Since there are five different programs within this organization, there are five different budgets. That means there are five different department directors with different restrictions and goals. As one can imagine, this presents many issues and challenges to the organization. Like a human body, all parts of the organization must work together to achieve results. Synopsis of the organizational challenges Budget formulation is not a complex task, but it must be thorough. Budgeting decisions are based on past records and future predictions. However, most of these budgeting decisions are based on prior years. One of the biggest challenges facing small organizations is budgeting based on past transactions and being able to allocate resources for the future. The organization cannot simply budget on a progressive plane for income and have too much wiggle room for expenses. Not-for-profit entities must effectively allocate resources that allow the organization to grow or perfect its operations. The department directors who make decisions based on these budgets face some challenges. Each department has its own goals and ways of achieving those goals. The CEO of the organization faces a unique problem of having these programs work together to achieve the same goal: outreach. This has a psychological effect on the department directors. How the resource s should be used varies by each department directors. This is anShow MoreRelatedOrganizational Effectivness1211 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesOrganizational Effectiveness Rita Goforth March 10, 2014 CJA/474 Professor Mathew Workman Introduction Organizational effectiveness can mean many things for different organizations, from making sales to managing employees and even time and data management. Within the criminal justice organization it is much more important than just making sure the criminal justice agency is merely operating properly. Achieving and maintaining efficient productivity, performance values, and efficiencyRead MoreEssay on Organizational Justice1586 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesindividuals (Schminke, Ambrose, Noel, 1997). Generally speaking, society expects some type of equality measure. Organizational justice refers to the role of fairness in the workplace. Fairness is a perception related to three types of justice: distributive, procedural, and interactional. Prior to 1975, organizational justice research focused on distributive justice. Distributive justice is determined to be fair or unfair based on the perception of equity among stakeholders within a specific groupRead MoreProcedural Justice And Job Satisfaction Of Nursing Employees1523 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages outcome. According to the write-up, Ã¢â¬Å"procedural justice and job satisfaction of nursing employees are positively and significantly related to their innovative behaviorÃ¢â¬ (Xerri, 2014, p.4), and Ã¢â¬Å"interactional justice directly affects job satisfaction and indirectly affects innovative behavior through job satisfactionÃ¢â¬ (Xerri, 2014, p.4). In other words, an organization that engages in practical apprehensions reaps perfected job satisfaction, which in turn has a bearing on workplace attitudes. ToRead MoreOrganizational Behavior That Affect The Organization And Employee Performance1495 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthe University AuthorÃ¢â¬â¢s Note Ã¢â¬Æ' Executive Summary The current report focuses on the organizational behaviour that affect the organization and employee performance. Organizational behaviour is one of the segments existing in the business process, which is certain to change. It can be added that study of organizational behaviour relates to the desired behaviour of an individual in the organization. Organizational behaviour consists of people, approach, technology, work culture and other significantRead MoreQuestions and Answer About Bullying, Types of Justice and Motivation1484 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesone of the three types of organizational justice? Question 2 What aspects of motivation might workplace bullying reduce? For example, are there likely to be effects on an employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s self-efficacy? If so, what might those effects be? Workplace bullying demonstrates a lack of which one of the three types of organizational justice? According to Jerald Greenberg, organizational justice is refers to an employeeÃ¢â¬â¢s perception of their organization behaviors, decisions and actions and how theseRead MoreCriminal Justice Trends Evaluation1581 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesWEEK 1 Criminal Justice Trends Evaluation Criminal Justice Trends Evaluation John Doe CJA 394 October 01, 2001 Jane Doedy Criminal Justice Trends Evaluation The criminal justice system is forever adjusting to protect and serve a changing society. The paper evaluates, identifies and assesses recent future and current trends affecting the criminal justice system. Lastly, it defines the values of the system in a changing society. Recent trends affecting the criminal justice system are relatedRead MoreAn Organization Called Numi Organic Tea Essay1499 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesand nature of ethical considerations in this behavior. Nature of the Organizational Politics Organizational politics can be considered as the activities that people inside the organization, perform to acquire, enhance, and use power and other resources to obtain their preferred outcomes in a situation where there is uncertainty or disagreement (Griffin Moorhead, 2014, p.385). In my opinion, Numi Organic is using organizational politics, because they are forcing people who are working under themRead MoreThe Ethical Decision Making Models1576 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesEthical Decision-Making Models Decision-making in the field of psychology refers to a cognitive process that results in a selection among multiple possible solutions in a situation (Colman, 2008). Decision-making is based on available information from the environment as well as intrinsic information and existing schemas (Rogerson, Gottlieb, Handelsman, Knapp Younggren, 2011). These internal schemas, along with knowledge and personal preferences, influence the decision-making process. EthicalRead MoreOrganizational Issues and Criminology1605 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesIntroduction- When we think of the criminal justice system in the United States, we are referring to a broad collection of federal, state, and local agencies that are focused on crime prevention and upholding the law. In general, these agencies uphold the law at various levels, investigate crime, process the accused, compile evidence, work with the district attorney, and develop profiles and crime prevention techniques. The process of the criminal just ice organization is designed to work in conjunctionRead MoreHow Personal Ethics Can Get1277 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¢â¬Å"How Personal Can Ethics Get?Ã¢â¬ Discuss how personal differences and preference can impact organizational ethics. Personal difference and preference can impact organizational ethics is such a way where people can end up getting hurt. Personal difference and preference is oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own way of how they think or how they feel about someone or something. Organizational ethics is the understanding of values of how an organization can integrate morals and main beliefs that differentiate right from
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Week 5 Ã¢â¬â Assignment 1. Chapter 7 addresses organizational structures (how organizations group jobs and work functions into groups). For example, a hospital may have hundreds or thousands of employees while a private physicianÃ¢â¬â¢s office may have just a few employees. For the organizations below, describe which organizational structure they would likely use and why: Ã¢â¬ ¢ A small physicianÃ¢â¬â¢s office Smaller hospitals tend to have much simpler organizational structures. small business can use one of three primary organization structure options: functional, divisional or matrix. Essentially, the organizational structure creates a business hierarchy to increase the efficiency and effectiveness of the business operations. Different smallÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦This provides each region with specialist in each area for that region. If your business sells different products, you can also separate roles by the product under a divisional organizational structure. Matrix Matrix organizational structures combine the characteristics of a functional and divisional organizational structure. The matrix organizational structure works more like a team. Instead of department heads, each team has a leader. Matrix organizational structures bring together employees who focus on a project, but fill different roles from across your business. The matrix organizational structure has the most decentralization, which means it can confuse employees about who is in charge. The matrix organizational structure is appropriate if your business operates on an international level, or serves different geographic regions. Trial and Error Many small business owners start off by structuring the business by trial and error, or in a haphazard manner. You could start the business with just you and an assistant until you learn more about the roles employees must fill within the organization. Changing Structures When your business starts small and then grows, it is not uncommon to start with one organizational structure and then transition to another structure. For example, if your business starts out by only serving the local city where the business operates, but eventually serves the state, you might start with one structure and change to anotherShow MoreRelatedWeek 5 Assignment1160 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWeek 5 Assignment: Community Landscape Project (page 1/5) Student: Tony Donnelly Student ID Number: 15505693 Risk Analysis: Introduction: Milestones are indicators that are inserted into a programme at points of strategic activity. These milestones enable us to track specific events so we can identify certain conditions through the course of a project. In the case of our landscape project we have five milestones inserted into our Gantt chart. They are at task 2 Design backyard, taskRead MoreWeek 5 Assignment609 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesComplete the following 2 exercises 1. Write checks to pay the following bills. The beginning balance in the checkbook is $4562.79. NOTE: The checks are setup for you to manually type the necessary information to successfully complete the assignment. A. Write check #5648 to the American Medical Association for $356.00 for new coding books. [pic] B. Write Check #5649 to the Blackburn Utility Company for $46.90 to pay the water bill. [pic] C. Read MoreEssay Week 5 Assignment1160 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesChapter Eight Problems Please complete the following 5 exercises below in either Excel or a word document (but must be single document). You must show your work where appropriate (leaving the calculations within Excel cells is acceptable). Save the document, and submit it in the appropriate week using the Assignment Submission button. Chapter 8 Exercise 1: 1. Basic present value calculations Calculate the present value of the following cash flows, rounding to the nearest dollar: A singleRead MoreWeek 5 Assignments New754 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¯ » ¿PT1420 - Unit 5 Homework and Lab Assignment Unit 5 Assignment 1: Homework 1.) Design an if-then statement that assigns 20 to the variable y and assigns 40 to the variable z if the variable x is greater than 100. (Simple if statement) If x 100 then Y=20 Z=40 End if 2.) Design an if-then statement that assigns 0 to the variable b and assigns 1 to the variable c if variable a is less than 10. (Simple if statement) 3.) Design an if-then-else statement that assigns 0 to variableRead MoreEce 214 Week 5 Assignment608 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesA++PAPER;http://www.homeworkproviders.com/shop/ece-214-week-5-assignment/ ECE 214 WEEK 5 ASSIGNMENT As a teacher, you have the opportunity to share the knowledge you have gained in this course with your colleagues to support a collaborative approach to shared health, nutrition, and safety goals. For your Final Project, you will create a presentation for other educators in your center that is focused on the development of a program valuing health, nutrition, and safety. For this presentationRead MoreWeek 5 Assignment (Project Management)978 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIntroduction to Project Management (Week 5: Assignment) Introduction The project manager of a construction company has developed the following network diagram for her building construction project. After receiving the plans, the manager must coordinate a number of tasks. Key areas she want to focus on, is time and risk. Ã¢â¬Å"Planning is responsible for project Time Management. The Plan process selects a scheduling methodology, tool, sets the format and establishes criteria for developing and controllingRead MoreBUS 640 Week 5 Assignment1360 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesÃ¯ » ¿ Week 5 Assignment BUS 640 Managerial Economics Ashford University January 2014 Week 5 Assignment Problem 1: Jessica Alba, a famous actress, starts the baby and family products business, The Honest Company, with Christopher Gavigan. Alba and Gavigan set up their site so families can choose what kinds of non-toxic, all-natural products they would like to use and get them in a bundle. Families can choose all kinds of products from food to hygiene necessities and cleaning suppliesRead MoreWeek 5 Assignment Final Paper1735 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesof Accounting Instructor: Mark Stricklett November 10, 2014 Wal-Mart Financial Analysis Report In accounting there is much to be learned, about the financial aspects of a business. In the past five weeks I have learned the importance of financial reports and how they relate to the success of an establishment. These reports may include balance sheets and income statements, which help accountants and the public grasp the overall financial condition ofRead MoreCjs 230 Week 5 Assignment1108 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesjurisdiction falls under. It is said that the bulk of the one million-plus felons that reside in the United States are housed in state ran correctional institutions (Foster, 2006). According to Newsweek columnist Dahlia Lithwick, Ã¢â¬Å"The United States, with 5 percent of the worlds population, houses nearly 25 percent of the worlds prisonersÃ¢â¬ (Lathwick 2009). Although the basic standards have been set and put forth by the American Correctional Association or ACA for short, the states have different lawsRead MoreLaws 310 Week 5 Assignment Essay653 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesLaws 310 week 5 Assignment Click Link Below To Buy: http://hwcampus.com/shop/laws-310-week-5-assignment/ You are a business planner and accountant. Part of your expertise is in helping prospective business owners evaluate the various manufacturing and supplier options available based on the product they manufacture. You have a long history of working with widget manufacturers, which is why Gloria is meeting with you. Additionally, you are an expert in global business issues and can
The Pirate of Penzance is a movie rendition of the operetta of the same title by Gilbert and Sullivan. The said film was released in 1983 and tells the story of Frederick, a young pirate who decides to change his ways when he meets Mabel and falls in love for the first time. As a comedic opera, the movie is worthy of the great reviews it receives from present day critics. We will write a custom essay sample on The Pirates of Penzance or any similar topic only for you Order Now However, I personally think that the director did not take advantage of the film techniques that could have smoothened the whole thing. He wanted to catch the raw aspect of Gilbert and SullivanÃ¢â¬â¢s work, to a point that the settings were way off key; thereÃ¢â¬â¢s a cinematic experience missing. Aside from being both musical factors, I think that the Little Stores of Horror and the Pirates of Penzance shared little in common; unless of course we entertain the general theme of romantic relations. In terms of power struggles, we could see the attempt of two individuals to overcome the control of people and plant they have come to love. In contrast however, the musical score of the two films differ. On one hand is a more classic, theatric composition/performances and on the other is a more modernized and jazzed up Little Shop of Horror. Both movies did epitomize the absolute masculine as the protagonist but instead chose to have a Ã¢â¬Å"nerdÃ¢â¬ and Frederick was not played out in a machismo kind of way. All the three films; Little Shop of Horrors, The Music Man, and The Pirates of Penzance include love between two rather unlikely couple. Little shop is a cult movie by peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s standards today and does not really offer bright approach to it self. We see a person eaten up, or the dentist body being cut up. This is something one would never expect to see in the other two films. The Music Man offers a tad bit more similarity in plot and characters with the Pirates of Penzance. In terms of the inner conflicts of both films; there is sameness in manner which the two protagonists are at a state of leaving and evolving from their old and assumed to be bad lives. A key element in their desire to turn a leaf is two women. One is a daughter of a Major General, Mabel; while the other is the townÃ¢â¬â¢s librarian. In comparing we could say that Mabel and Ms. Marian accept the conflict of the two heroes differently. Mabel is more accepting and shows her self to be the first person to answer FrederikÃ¢â¬â¢s request. Ms. Marian on the other hand was the one insistent in the fraud nature of Professor Hill. While one seeks for her loverÃ¢â¬â¢s acceptance, the other asks for change and even agrees to hide the salesmanÃ¢â¬â¢s identity. Being the con-artist salesman shares a resemblance to being a pirate if we think about it; coming in an innocent town and pillaging or deceiving in order to gain and then get up and leave. I would not have believed that Kevin Kline would ever sing in a film, especially an operetta on which he plays a Pirate King. The latter was able to capture the aim of showing these particular band of pirates as non-ferocious kind, who really are not as buccaneer as they would want to be. There is this particular charm in the manner in which Kline handled the role. The Pirates of Penzance does not bank on realism; however the portrayal of Pirate King had a certain kick to the whole flick. In terms of singing voice we could easily see that this man can; compared to Matthew Broderick and James Seymour. Kevin Kline took on the role and revealed the comedic and some what joke like layer that surrounds the Pirate King. One of my favorite characters of the Play is the Major General played by George Rose. As we could see his voice is able to replicate the demands of the original operatic performance. There is versatility in the type of tones he could play with in his character. One may take him as the little funny man of the show but at the same time when he explicitly shifts to his authoritative position as Major General, he is still able to bring out the rawness of the humor and the performance. These two individuals tended to carry the show especially where the hero, Frederick lacked. I am unsure if he played his role according to specifications or the actor playing the part simply was an amateur and did not know how to attack the character. He seems to be one of those 1980Ã¢â¬â¢s aspiring rockers who are a tad bit effeminate. The initial coming together of Gilbert and Sullivan was through the opera Thespis (1871) at which their approach then was spontaneous and risquÃ ©. The Producer, Richard DÃ¢â¬â¢Oyly Carte was a key figure in shaping and maintaining the creative collaborations of the two. the age difference of the two men probably helped in providing a balance the works they worked together. Gilbert was hand on in his approach to theatre and made sure that everything was in order. He wanted actors to imbibe the absurdity of the characters as if they were more real and no logical alternative is possible. Sullivan on the other hand focused mainly on the musical scores; meaning the two kept clear to a certain extent of each oneÃ¢â¬â¢s area of responsibility. However in later years, we are able to see falling out between the two due perhaps to their difference in theatrical direction. One did not see the point of working with the other. It was unfortunate since the humor and crispness of GilbertÃ¢â¬â¢s craft is dressed well with the fresh notes of Sullivan. To be honest, I found the spectacle of the movie quite cheap. Perhaps this was due to the desire to maintain the authenticity of a Gilbert and Sullivan opera; however in terms of set, things could be way better. It turned out to seem like the scenes are shot on a studio crafted for a local childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s program. The pirate king and Frederick had on something that cuts across old pirate with 80Ã¢â¬â¢s new wave. FredrickÃ¢â¬â¢s costume is not really reminiscent of the stereotypical pirate, resembles more of a Spanish Bull Fighter crossed with a Spanish gun fitter I think that the color of his shirt and the dual belts and the knee high boots give this impression The theme is a coming of age, love and honor despite what one has grown to live as. There is of course the factor of finding humor and humanity in those we have often deemed to be scoundrels. The relationship between collective belonging and individuality is seen. Reference: Wilford Leach (1983), Ã The Pirates of Penzance, film, original from Gilbert and Sullivan. How to cite The Pirates of Penzance, Essay examples
Sunday, April 26, 2020
Research Proposal on School Violence Paper School violence is the physical, psychological or sexual abuse and all sorts of harm caused to students and teachers. School violence is the important and serious problem nowadays, because more and more students all over the world become victims of school violence. Generally, children can be hurt and abused by their classmates for different purposes and because of different reasons. For example, if the student studies well, his classmates envy him and do everything possible to reduce his prestige, to make him study worse, etc. Moreover, there is a problem with disabled students or the students who suffer from various psychological diseases or disorders and are not like the rest of students. Naturally, children do not like those ones who differ in something from the rest. As a result these students are abused in different ways. School violence is closely connected with street gangs, because some students are the members of these gangs and they hurt children at school stealing money or threaten children. The impact of school violence is extremely negative, because it causes psychological problems to the children who have been the victims of abuse. If a child faces the problem of violence, he will probably have low self-esteem, frequent depressions, stress, problems with sleeping and appetite. The phenomenon of school violence can be explained very easily: the children are bored and they have too much free time. If teachers simply make the educational process more intensive, the children would forget about violence and will not have time for such things. The topic of school violence is quite the urgent one because of the parentsÃ¢â¬â¢ incompetence and lack of knowledge about the proper bringing up of their children. Parents do not pay attention to the preferences and interests of their children and as a result they become the source of school violence. A student who has chosen to research this topic in detail should be ready to spend much time on the process of data collection and analysis. One should prove that the topic is a serious one, explain the cause of the problem and its consequences and share the effective solutions with the professor. If the research proposal is a successful one and it has sense and logic, the student will be permitted to conduct great research on school violence. We will write a custom essay sample on Research Proposal on School Violence specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now We will write a custom essay sample on Research Proposal on School Violence specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer We will write a custom essay sample on Research Proposal on School Violence specifically for you FOR ONLY $16.38 $13.9/page Hire Writer In order to cope with research proposal writing one will have to take advantage of the Internet and free example research proposals on school violence prepared by the professional writers. The plus of such papers is big, because a student requires a good example to know how to write the assignment correctly. A free sample research proposal on school violence written by an expert will help one understand the rules of formatting and composition of the text. *** NOTE! As far as you know free sample research proposals and examples about School Violence are 100% plagiarized!!! At EssayLib.com writing service you can order a custom research proposal on School Violence topics. Your research paper proposal will be written from scratch. We hire top-rated Ph.D. and MasterÃ¢â¬â¢s writers only to provide students with professional research proposal help at affordable rates. Each customer will get a non-plagiarized paper with timely delivery. Just visit our website and fill in the order form with all proposal details: Enjoy our professional research proposal writing service!
Wednesday, March 18, 2020
Ã¢â¬Å"A play write is defined by his ability to entertain an audience.Ã¢â¬ Shakespeare is the most famous play-write in history because of this point, his ability to entertain an audience. He writes in a style that was understood and entertaining to all classes of people, he accomplished this by incorporating a wide ranged vocabulary, a rhythmic syntax, humor, metaphor and detail into his style of writing. Shakespeare is one of the most acclaimed and well-read authors of our time, his style has been analyzed by thousands of intelligent individuals, but it has yet to be mastered. It is a style replicable by no other, one that utilizes every branch of style to entertain his audience. The writings of Shakespeare show a wide range of stylistic devices, all of which he uses to subtly expand on his characters traits and the themes of his stories. William ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s style of writing in the play Hamlet is the most influential element in developing the deep and complex them es and characters of the play. ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s diction is the most influential aspect of his style. He uses it to familiarize his audience with his characters, and to deepen the thought and feeling of important themes. Ã¢â¬Å"Of all the authors in the English language he is without doubt the one with the most extensive and richest vocabulary. He draws from all areas of language and from all registers.Ã¢â¬ (Michel Delville) Shakespeare writes with a diction written to be preformed by an actor to an audience, he uses this to his advantage to show insight into character without direct description. By his word choice Shakespeare can show a characters intelligence or ignorance simply by how they speak. When Shakespeare writes dialogue for an intelligent character such as Hamlet, he writes with a vast vocabulary and proper grammar. Ã¢â¬Å"It goes so heavily with my disposition that this goodly frame, the excellent canopy, the air, look you, this brave overhanging firmament, this... Free Essays on Themes And Characters Free Essays on Themes And Characters Ã¢â¬Å"A play write is defined by his ability to entertain an audience.Ã¢â¬ Shakespeare is the most famous play-write in history because of this point, his ability to entertain an audience. He writes in a style that was understood and entertaining to all classes of people, he accomplished this by incorporating a wide ranged vocabulary, a rhythmic syntax, humor, metaphor and detail into his style of writing. Shakespeare is one of the most acclaimed and well-read authors of our time, his style has been analyzed by thousands of intelligent individuals, but it has yet to be mastered. It is a style replicable by no other, one that utilizes every branch of style to entertain his audience. The writings of Shakespeare show a wide range of stylistic devices, all of which he uses to subtly expand on his characters traits and the themes of his stories. William ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s style of writing in the play Hamlet is the most influential element in developing the deep and complex them es and characters of the play. ShakespeareÃ¢â¬â¢s diction is the most influential aspect of his style. He uses it to familiarize his audience with his characters, and to deepen the thought and feeling of important themes. Ã¢â¬Å"Of all the authors in the English language he is without doubt the one with the most extensive and richest vocabulary. He draws from all areas of language and from all registers.Ã¢â¬ (Michel Delville) Shakespeare writes with a diction written to be preformed by an actor to an audience, he uses this to his advantage to show insight into character without direct description. By his word choice Shakespeare can show a characters intelligence or ignorance simply by how they speak. When Shakespeare writes dialogue for an intelligent character such as Hamlet, he writes with a vast vocabulary and proper grammar. Ã¢â¬Å"It goes so heavily with my disposition that this goodly frame, the excellent canopy, the air, look you, this brave overhanging firmament, this...
Monday, March 2, 2020
Ibid. or Op. Cit. Latin Terms in Academic Referencing Ibid. or Op. Cit.? Latin Terms in Academic Referencing WeÃ¢â¬â¢ve written about the term Ã¢â¬Å"et al.Ã¢â¬ before. However, there are several other Latin terms we can use when referencing sources in an academic paper. In this post, we look at a few of the most common, including Ã¢â¬Å"ibid.,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"op. cit.Ã¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"loc. cit.,Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"passim,Ã¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"cf.Ã¢â¬ 1. Ibid. (In the Same Place) One of the most widely used Latin terms in academic referencing is Ã¢â¬Å"ibid.Ã¢â¬ This is short for ibidem, which means Ã¢â¬Å"in the same place.Ã¢â¬ It is therefore used for repeat citations: 1. Danielle Ward, Any Questions? (London: DTRT Publishing, 2017), p. 30. 2. Ibid. 3. Ibid., p. 39-41. Here, for example, we have three footnotes that all cite the same source. We give the full source information in the first footnote. After that, we use Ã¢â¬Å"ibid.Ã¢â¬ in the next two footnotes to show that weÃ¢â¬â¢re citing the same source without having to write the publication information out again. In the second footnote, we use Ã¢â¬Å"ibid.Ã¢â¬ by itself to cite the exact same page as the previous citation. But in the third, we also give page numbers to show that weÃ¢â¬â¢re citing a different part of the same text. 2. Loc. Cit. and Op. Cit. (Repeat Citations) The Latin terms Ã¢â¬Å"loc. cit.Ã¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"op. cit.Ã¢â¬ are also used for repeat citations, but each one has a specific function. Ã¢â¬Å"Loc. cit.Ã¢â¬ is an abbreviation of loco citato, which means Ã¢â¬Å"in the place cited.Ã¢â¬ It is used when citing the exact same part of a source as in a previous citation: 1. Danielle Ward, Any Questions? (London: DTRT Publishing, 2017), p. 30. 2. Loc. cit. Since it is only used for the same part of a text, you never need to give a page number with Ã¢â¬Å"loc. cit.Ã¢â¬ Meanwhile, Ã¢â¬Å"op. cit.Ã¢â¬ is short for opere citato, which translates as Ã¢â¬Å"in the work cited.Ã¢â¬ We use this when referring to a different part of the cited text: 1. Michael Legge, Precious Little (New York: Pod Books, 2015), p. 198. 2. Op. cit., p. 102. With these terms, if you cite other texts before returning to the one you are citing again, you should also include the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s surname in the repeat citation to clarify which source youÃ¢â¬â¢re referencing. 3. Passim (Scattered Throughout) Ã¢â¬Å"PassimÃ¢â¬ comes from the Latin word passus, which meant Ã¢â¬Å"scattered.Ã¢â¬ We therefore use it to reference information that is scattered throughout a text: This usage of Ã¢â¬Å"democracyÃ¢â¬ is repeated throughout the text (Carlin, 2007, passim). Generally, it is better to give an exact citation if possible. But Ã¢â¬Å"passimÃ¢â¬ can be used if you want to point to relevant information that appears in many different parts of a source. 4. Cf. (Comparisons) The term Ã¢â¬Å"cf.Ã¢â¬ is short for conferatum. This translates as Ã¢â¬Å"compare,Ã¢â¬ so we use Ã¢â¬Å"cf.Ã¢â¬ when we want to highlight a text for comparison: The approach adopted by Robins (2002) is a striking contrast to those used by their predecessors (cf. Blackburn, 1974). In this case, for instance, weÃ¢â¬â¢re using Ã¢â¬Å"cf.Ã¢â¬ to suggest a contrast between Robins and Blackburn. A Final Note Keep in mind that different referencing systems prefer different Latin terms! If youÃ¢â¬â¢re not sure which of these to use in your work, remember to check your college style guide first.
Saturday, February 15, 2020
True Profession - Article Example However, todayÃ¢â¬â¢s business environment is considered to be dynamic and challenging, as the success of a business depends on the amount of trust they gain from their customers and stake holders. This has provided opportunities for well-known business schools to introduce new academic course integrating management code of ethics that would help in aligning management with other well-known professions such as lawyers, doctors, engineers and teachers. Considering the above stated scenario, it is also believed that the integration of the code of ethics in the MBA course will serve as competitive advantages for the students in the business market. It is also believed that having the world first Certified Business Professional (CBP) will allow the academic institution to stay ahead from other in-state MBA programs over other universities (Khurana & Nohria, Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s Time to Make Management a True ProfessionÃ¢â¬ ; Nohria, Ã¢â¬Å"A Hippocratic Oath for ManagementÃ¢â¬ ). Wit h reference to the stated scenario it can be viewed that the dean of ODUÃ¢â¬â¢s College of Business and Public Administration (CBPA) is planning to implement oath at the Hippocratic Oath for Managers at this yearÃ¢â¬â¢s graduation and initiating the new CBP program next year. In this regard, the plan of implementation of the management code can be considered as an effective approach. In this rapid changing environment it has been viewed that organization who succeed in gaining trust of the people sustains in the growing competitive market whereas organization who only focus on gaining profit dissolve within a short span of time. In this aspect implementing managerial code of conduct in the MBA would not only help in establishing a modern management approach but would also help in establishing a modern approach in the business world. It would not only provide numerous opportunities but would also change the way business operates today. The student oath is component of more preval ent initiative to turn management into profession similar to those of medical doctors and lawyers. The Hippocratic Oath promotes the notion of sustainable development. Additionally, it would also help in expanding the knowledge of the student as it would explore new field of studies and also help in understanding the business world deeply. Additionally introducing the process of Hippocratic Oath for manager in academic institutions would also help in producing loyal managers and would also motivate them to implement their skills and knowledge effectively for establishing the organization goal efficiently and through effective utilization of the organization resources (Khurana & Nohria, Ã¢â¬Å"ItÃ¢â¬â¢s Time to Make Management a True ProfessionÃ¢â¬ ; Nohria, Ã¢â¬Å"A Hippocratic Oath for ManagementÃ¢â¬ ).The process of taking oath is viewed to provide a normative framework that helps in shaping the identity of a personnel and their responsibility towards the society specificall y for the people associated with their organization. In this world of shrinking public trust for business managers by the general public, introducing of ethical code would help in establishing a sense of trust and believe amid the stake holders resulting in more efficient functionality of the organization as people would feel secured to invest more in the organization. (ISFP, Ã¢â¬Å"